Overview: Overactive Bladder

An overactive bladder refers to a set of symptoms that can impact both the frequency and urgency of urination. The causes can include factors such as abdominal trauma, infections, nerve damage, medications, and specific fluids. Treatment options for overactive bladder involve modifying certain behaviors, utilizing medications, and employing nerve stimulation techniques.

Overactive bladder, also known as OAB, manifests as a combination of symptoms that can lead to increased frequency of urination, uncontrollable urges to urinate, instances of incontinence, and nocturia (waking up to urinate at night).

While the overactive bladder is most commonly observed in individuals aged 65 and older, women may experience OAB at a younger age, typically around 45. It is a prevalent condition, affecting up to 33 million adults, with approximately 30% of men and 40% of women being affected. However, the actual number of cases may be higher due to individuals feeling embarrassed and hesitant to seek assistance.

Overactive Bladder Treatment in JAipur



Overactive Bladder Symptoms

If you are dealing with an overactive bladder, you might experience the following:

  • Feel an abrupt and uncontrollable urge to urinate.
  • Encounter unintentional urine leakage right after feeling the urge to urinate (known as urgency incontinence).
  • Urinate frequently, typically eight or more times within a 24-hour period.
  • Wake up at night to urinate more than twice (referred to as nocturia).
  • Even if you reach the toilet when you sense the urge to urinate, frequent and nighttime urination can still disrupt your daily life.

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Risk factors Of Overactive bladder

Overactive bladder (OAB) is a condition characterized by a frequent and urgent need to urinate, often accompanied by urinary incontinence. While the exact cause of OAB is not always clear, several risk factors have been associated with its development. These risk factors include:

Age: OAB is more common in older adults, particularly those over the age of 65. The muscles of the bladder may weaken and lose elasticity with age, leading to bladder control problems.

Gender: OAB tends to be more prevalent in women than in men. This is partly because women can experience bladder control issues following pregnancy and childbirth, as well as hormonal changes during menopause.

Obesity: Excess weight and obesity can increase the risk of developing OAB. The increased pressure on the bladder from excess abdominal fat can lead to urinary urgency and incontinence.

Neurological conditions: Certain neurological conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and stroke, can disrupt the normal signaling between the brain and the bladder, resulting in OAB symptoms.

Bladder abnormalities:  Structural abnormalities or conditions that affect the bladder, such as bladder stones, urinary tract infections, or bladder tumors, can contribute to OAB.

Medications and substances: Certain medications, such as diuretics, can increase urine production and contribute to OAB symptoms. Additionally, substances like caffeine and alcohol can irritate the bladder and worsen OAB symptoms.

Chronic constipation: Chronic constipation can put pressure on the bladder, leading to OAB symptoms. The proximity of the rectum and bladder can cause overlapping symptoms between constipation and OAB.

Psychological factors: Stress, anxiety, and depression can affect bladder function and contribute to OAB symptoms. Emotional distress can also lead to behavioral changes, such as frequent toileting or avoidance of certain situations, which can worsen OAB symptoms.



Diagnosis of Overactive Bladder (OAB):

When you visit a healthcare provider for symptoms suggestive of OAB, they will typically perform a thorough evaluation to make a diagnosis. The diagnostic process may include:

Medical history: Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms, their frequency and severity, any triggers or patterns, and your medical history, including any underlying conditions or medications.

Physical examination: A physical examination, including a pelvic examination in women, may be conducted to check for any physical abnormalities or signs of other conditions.

Urinalysis: A urine sample may be analyzed to rule out urinary tract infections or other underlying conditions that can cause similar symptoms.

Bladder diary: Keeping a bladder diary involves recording your fluid intake, urinary frequency, urgency episodes, and any episodes of urinary incontinence over a specific period. This helps your healthcare provider understand your bladder habits and patterns.

Post-void residual measurement: This test measures the amount of urine left in the bladder after you empty it. It can be done using ultrasound or a catheter. An elevated post-void residual volume may indicate incomplete bladder emptying.

Urodynamic testing: In some cases, urodynamic tests may be performed to evaluate bladder function. These tests measure pressure and urine flow during bladder filling and emptying.

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Treatment of Overactive Bladder (OAB):

The treatment of OAB aims to relieve symptoms, improve bladder function, and enhance the quality of life. Treatment options may include:

Behavioral interventions:

Bladder training: This involves gradually increasing the time between bathroom visits to improve bladder capacity and decrease urgency.

Scheduled toileting: Following a predetermined voiding schedule to avoid sudden urgency.

Fluid management: Adjusting fluid intake, particularly reducing bladder irritants like caffeine and alcohol.

Pelvic floor muscle exercises (Kegel exercises): Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles can help improve bladder control and reduce urinary urgency.


  • Anticholinergic drugs: These medications work by blocking the signals that cause the bladder muscles to contract excessively.
  • Beta-3 adrenergic agonists: These medications relax the bladder muscle, increasing its capacity and reducing urgency.

Nerve stimulation:

  • Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS): Involves delivering mild electrical impulses to the nerves that control bladder function, typically done in-office.
  • Sacral neuromodulation: Involves implanting a device that delivers electrical stimulation to the sacral nerves, which helps regulate bladder function.
  • Botox injections: In some cases, injections of botulinum toxin (Botox) into the bladder muscle can help reduce bladder spasms and control urgency.

Surgical interventions: In rare cases when other treatments have been unsuccessful, surgical procedures may be considered to increase bladder capacity or improve bladder function.

Why Choose Dr. Sanjay K Binwal For Overactive Bladder Treatment in Jaipur?

When considering Dr. Sanjay K Binwal for overactive bladder treatment in Jaipur, several factors make him a reliable choice:


Experience and Expertise

Dr. Sanjay K Binwal has extensive experience in the field of urology and specifically in the treatment of overactive bladder.



Dr. Sanjay K Binwal is a highly qualified professional. He holds relevant degrees and certifications in urology, demonstrating his competence and commitment to his field.

Advanced Treatment Options

Dr. Sanjay K Binwal stays updated with the latest advancements in the field of urology. He incorporates modern treatment options and techniques into his practice, ensuring that patients have access to the most advanced and effective treatments for overactive bladder.


Positive Reputation

Dr. Sanjay K Binwal has earned a positive reputation among patients and colleagues alike. Positive testimonials and feedback from previous patients indicate his dedication to providing high-quality care and achieving positive treatment outcomes for overactive bladder.

#Read All The FAQ


Overactive bladder is a medical condition characterized by a sudden and frequent urge to urinate, often accompanied by urinary incontinence (involuntary leakage). People with OAB may also experience nocturia (waking up multiple times during the night to urinate) and an inability to hold urine for long periods.

Overactive bladder can have various causes, including muscle and nerve problems, certain medications, urinary tract infections, bladder stones, hormonal imbalances, and neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis. Lifestyle factors such as excessive caffeine or alcohol consumption and obesity can also contribute to OAB.

To diagnose an overactive bladder, a healthcare provider will typically perform a thorough medical history assessment and physical examination. They may also request urine tests, bladder diaries (where you record your urination patterns), and urodynamic testing to evaluate bladder function. In some cases, imaging studies like ultrasound or cystoscopy may be done to rule out other conditions.

Treatment for overactive bladder depends on the severity and underlying cause. It may include lifestyle modifications such as dietary changes, fluid management, and bladder training techniques. Behavioral therapies, such as pelvic floor exercises (Kegels), can be beneficial. Medications that relax the bladder muscles (anticholinergics or beta-3 agonists) are commonly prescribed. In more severe cases, advanced interve

While overactive bladder may not be entirely cured, it can be effectively managed, and symptoms can be significantly reduced or eliminated in many cases. Following a comprehensive treatment plan that combines lifestyle changes, medications, and behavioral therapies can lead to substantial improvement. It’s important to work closely with a healthcare professional to find the most suitable treatment approach for individual needs.

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