What is Kidney Stone?

Kidney stones are hard, mineral, and salt deposits that form in the kidneys. These stones can vary in size, ranging from a grain of sand to the size of a golf ball. They can be caused by various factors such as diet, medical conditions, and certain medications. Kidney stones can affect any part of the urinary tract, including the kidneys and bladder. Depending on the size and location of the stone, treatment may involve medication, drinking plenty of fluids, or surgical intervention.

There are various causes of kidney stones, such as diet, excessive body weight, certain medical conditions, as well as specific supplements and medications. These stones can affect any part of the urinary tract, including both the kidneys and bladder

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Symptoms Of Kidney Stone

Typically, a kidney stone remains asymptomatic until it shifts within the kidney or passes through the ureters, which are tubes that link the kidneys to the bladder. This movement can impede the flow of urine, leading to swelling of the kidney and spasms of the ureter, resulting in severe pain. The following symptoms may then be experienced:

  • Severe and intense pain below the ribcage on the side and back
  • Radiating pain in the groin and lower abdomen
  • Painful or burning sensation during urination

Additional symptoms that may arise include:

  • Discolored urine, such as pink, brown, or red
  • Foul-smelling or cloudy urine
  • Vomiting
  • Blood in the urine
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Urinating in small amounts
  • Nausea
  • Fever and chills

As the kidney stone passes through the urinary tract, the level of pain may fluctuate, potentially moving to a different area or increasing in severity.



Types of Kidney Stones

There are several types of kidney stones, including:

Calcium stones: These are the most common type of kidney stone, made up of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate.

Uric acid stones: These stones form when there is too much uric acid in the urine, which can happen if you have a diet high in purines (found in meat, seafood, and some vegetables) or if you have a condition that increases uric acid levels.

Struvite stones: These stones are caused by bacterial infections in the urinary tract and can grow quickly, causing blockages and damage to the kidneys.

Cystine stones: These stones are rare and form when there is too much cystine in the urine, which can be caused by a genetic disorder.

It’s important to identify the type of kidney stone you have in order to determine the best course of treatment and prevention strategies. Your doctor can help you determine the type of stone through a combination of imaging tests and urine analysis.

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What are the causes of kidney stones?

Kidney stones can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

Dehydration: When you don’t drink enough water or other fluids, the urine becomes more concentrated, which can lead to the formation of stones.

Diet: Eating a diet high in salt, sugar, and animal protein can increase the risk of developing certain types of kidney stones.

Genetics: A family history of kidney stones may increase your risk of developing them.

Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as gout, inflammatory bowel disease, and chronic kidney disease, can increase the risk of kidney stone formation.

Medications: Some medications, such as diuretics and calcium-based antacids, can increase the risk of kidney stones.

Urinary tract blockage: Any blockage in the urinary tract, such as from an enlarged prostate or kidney stones themselves, can increase the risk of stone formation.



What are the Risk factors for kidney stones?

There are several risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing kidney stones. Some of these factors include:

Family or personal history: If you or someone in your family has had kidney stones before, you are more likely to develop them.

Dehydration: When you don’t drink enough water, your urine becomes more concentrated, increasing the risk of crystal formation.

Diet: A diet high in sodium, sugar, and animal protein can increase the risk of developing kidney stones. On the other hand, a diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in animal protein may help reduce the risk.

Obesity: Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of developing kidney stones.

Certain medical conditions: Conditions such as gout, inflammatory bowel disease, and chronic diarrhea can increase the risk of kidney stones.

Medications: Certain medications, such as diuretics and antacids containing calcium, can increase the risk of kidney stone formation.

Immobility: Being immobile for long periods of time, such as during bed rest or long flights, can increase the risk of developing kidney stones.

It’s important to talk to your doctor if you have any of these risk factors, as they can help you take steps to reduce your risk of developing kidney stones.

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Diagnosis Of Kidney Stone

If you are experiencing symptoms of kidney stones, your doctor may perform several tests to diagnose the condition. These may include:

Imaging tests: Tests such as X-rays, ultrasounds, or CT scans can help your doctor locate the kidney stones and determine their size and location.

Urine tests: Urine tests can help detect the presence of blood or other substances in the urine that may indicate kidney stones.

Blood tests: Blood tests can help detect high levels of substances such as calcium or uric acid, which can increase the risk of kidney stone formation.

Stone analysis: If you are able to pass a kidney stone, your doctor may send it for analysis to determine its composition, which can help guide treatment and prevention strategies.

Physical exam: Your doctor may also perform a physical exam to check for signs of kidney stones, such as tenderness in the abdomen or back.

Once a diagnosis is made, your doctor can work with you to develop a treatment plan based on the size, location, and composition of the kidney stones. Treatment options may include medication, dietary changes, or procedures such as shock wave lithotripsy or ureteroscopy to remove the stones.

Do’s and Don’ts of Kidney Stones

Here are some general do’s and don’ts for managing kidney stones:


  • Drink plenty of water
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Take prescribed medication
  • Stay active
  • Seek medical attention


  • Don’t consume too much salt
  • Don’t consume too much animal protein
  • Don’t consume too much sugar
  • Don’t smoke
  • Don’t ignore symptoms




Care at Pink City super-specilaity Clinic, Jaipur

Our clinic, Pink City Super-specialty Clinic, is proud to have a top-notch team of Nephrologists and Urologists who collaborate to deliver the most accurate diagnosis and effective Kidney Stone Treatment in Jaipur. With the use of advanced medical equipment, diagnostic procedures, and cutting-edge technologies, our highly skilled team can treat a range of nephrology conditions and illnesses.

When it comes to kidney stone treatment in Jaipur, we employ safe and painless procedures such as laser lithotripsy and other minimally invasive techniques. In addition, we take a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary approach to provide holistic care and attend to all of our patient’s medical needs simultaneously, leading to faster and more sustained recovery.

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#Read All The FAQ


Kidney stones form when certain substances in the urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, become highly concentrated and crystallize, forming solid masses. These masses can vary in size and shape and can get stuck in the urinary tract, causing pain and discomfort.

The time it takes for kidney stones to form can vary depending on a person’s diet, fluid intake, and other factors. Some stones can form in a matter of weeks or months, while others may take years to develop.

The pain associated with kidney stones can be severe and sudden, and typically starts in the back or side and radiates to the lower abdomen and groin. Other symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, and a frequent urge to urinate.

If you are experiencing severe pain in your back, side, or abdomen, or have other symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, it is important to see a doctor. Your doctor can perform t

Risk factors for kidney stone formation include a diet high in salt, sugar, and animal protein, dehydration, obesity, and certain medical conditions such as gout and inflammatory bowel disease. A family history of kidney stones can also increase your risk.

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